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Perambalur District Profile
   
Description of Agro-climatic zone & major agro ecological situations
Animal Husbandry - Profile
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KVK DISTRICT PROFILE
Perambalur district of Tamil Nadu carved out from the east while composite Tiruchirappalli District, with its head quarters at Perambalur. This district is centrally located in Tamil Nadu between 10º 53’ and 11º 31’ N latitude and 73º 38˙ and 79º 31˙ E longitude.

This district has 3 taluks consisting of 152 revenue villages in 4 blocks. The temperature ranges between 22o C  - 39o C with mean annual rainfall of 908 mm. North East monsoon period receives comparatively more rainfall i.e. 475 mm followed by 314 mm during South West monsoon, 91 mm during summer and 28 mm during winter season.

Black cotton soil, Clay loam and red sandy soil are the predominant soil types available. Wells and rainfall are the main source of irrigation in this region. Maize, Cotton, Paddy, Onion, Turmeric, Tapioca, Chillies, Tomato, Brnjal, Acidlime, Groundnut, Sunflower and Sesamum are the important crops in this district.

Description of Agro-climatic zone

S. No.

Agro-climatic Zone

Characteristics

1

North – Eastern zone

A part of Perambalur district comes under this zone, which covers Veppur block of Kunnam taluk. It receives an annual rainfall of 900 – 975 mm during the north east monsoon. The mean maximum temperature ranges from 28.5 to 38.4o C while the mean minimum temperature is from 21 to 28oC. The major soil types are red sandy loam, clayey loam and saline soil.

The major irrigation sources are tanks, wells and tube wells. Since the rainfall is uniformly distributed from July to December, two crop sequences of groundnut followed by pulses or sesamum are practiced. The other crops like sugarcane and millets are raised with the help of well irrigation.

2

North – Western zone

A part of Perambalur district comes under this zone, which covers Veppanthattai, Perambalur and Alathur blocks. The mean annual rainfall is 875 mm and about 42 per cent of rainfall is received during the South-West monsoon period. The mean monthly maximum temperature is from 31 to 39 o C.

The major soils are non – calcareous red, black cotton soil and clay soil. Cultivation in drylands commences from the month of June to August which depends on the south west monsoon and monocropping is followed. In this zone, a significant practice of maize, cotton and chillies under purely rainfed cultivation is followed and paddy, sugarcane, elephant foot yam, onion, tomato and tapioca are cultivated with the help of well irrigation.

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SOIL SERIES

Slno

Name of the soil series

Soil type

Characteristics

Total area(ha)

Percentage

Potentials

Limitations

1

Kallagam

Sandy clay

Very deep, fine loamy, very gentle slope, high WHC, medium CEC, neutral reaction, Non – calcareousness

Slightly acidic, moderate sheet erosion

7,351

1.99

2

Kallakudi

Clay

Very deep, fine textured, very deep gentle slope, high WHC and CEC

Slow permeability, well drained, moderately alkaline

24,888

6.74

3

Kurumbalur

Loamysand

Very deep, loamy textured, moderately rapid permeability, well drained neutral reaction, free from salinity

Low WHC and CEC, low organic matter, moderately alkaline

6,854

1.86

4

Padalur

Loamy sand

Coarse loamy textured, rapid permeability, well drained, neutral reaction, free from salinity

Low WHC and CEC, low organic matter, mildly alkaline

8,029

2.18

5

Pattukottai

Sandy loam

Very deep, loamy on sub surface, neutral reaction, free from salinity

Low WHC and CEC, low organic matter, acidic reaction

34,589

9.37

6

Pilamedu

Clay

Very deep, clay loam to clay, high WHC and CEC, high organic matter, free from salinity

Moderately slow permeability, moderately alkaline, strongly calcareousness

62,197

16.85

7

Thevaiyur

Sandy clay loam

Deep soil, fine loamy textured, medium WHC and CEC, neutral reaction, free from salinity

Low organic matter, mildly alkaline, slightly calcareousness

3,475

0.94

Area, production and productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

S. No

Crop

Area (ha)

Production
(Lakh Metric tons)

Productivity
(kg /ha)

1

Maize

4930

403839.3

8.46

2

Paddy

3330

42526.23

5.93

3

Cotton

20996

55293.13

1.78

4

Sugarcane

4878

473925.0

89

5

Pulses

1236

1686.33

0.73

6

Groundnut

1094

5985.68

2.92

7

Sorghum

839

681730

1.87

8

Banana

204

8164

43.65775

9

Citrus

293

1543

5.266212

10

Onion

7440

57022

9.848359

11

Tapioca

1402

97155

68.90426

12

Chillies

200

52

0.287293

13

Turmeric

739

2919

3.006179

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Production and productivity of Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district

Category

Population

Production

Productivity

Cattle

Crossbred

136412

5786.31 (Lakh lit)

3280 lit

Indigenous

133500

1194.83 (Lakh lit)

895 lit

Buffalo

21680

448.38 (Lakh lit)

2070 lit

Sheep

94358

1962646 Kg

20.8 Kg

Goats

 

 

 

Cross breed

96430

2285391 Kg

23.7 Kg

Indigeneous

411627

6791845 Kg

16.5 Kg

Poultry

Desi chicken

278120

25030800 Nos

90 Nos

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WEATHER DATA

Month

Rainfall (mm)

Temperature 0 C

Relative Humidity (%)

Maximum

Minimum

April 12

96.50

36.88

25.36

60.48

May 12

289.50

38.30

25.57

61.63

June 12

0.9

37.47

26.75

50.52

July 12

341.0

36.25

25.80

57.13

August 12

228

36.10

25.40

61.50

September 12

134

34.90

24.90

65.50

October 12

585.95

32.04

23.65

80.01

November 12

185.00

31.65

22.09

76.48

December 12

02.13

31.05

21.43

60.75

January 13

0.5

32.40

20.95

64.58

February 13

12.50

33.46

21.90

58.03

March 13

0.00

37.05

23.30

51.85

April 13

41.75
39.03
26.59
59.70

May 13

46.00
39.63
27.70
53.75

June 13

41.25
36.38
26.70
55.10

July 13

34.60
35.95
25.83
55.08

August 13

149.00
35.33
25.13
64.92

September 13

122.00
34.33
34.85
70.35

October 13

93.00
34.50
24.53
74.48

November 13

115.00
30.55
23.33
69.93

December 13

36.50
31.89
22.94
73.92

January 14

30.00
31.10
21.37
78.21

February 14

30.00
33.18
19.00
68.80

March 14

30.50
33.00
22.35
57.70

April 14

0.00

35.98

26.93

54.25

May 14

192.6

35.15

25.88

60.43

June 14

24.0

33.30

25.01

60.66

July 14

44.6

34.89

25.22

54.99

August 14

155.8

34.95

24.46

64.78

September 14

56.3

34.97

24.99

69.19

October 14

239.94

33.93

24.17

73.61

November 14

93.56

31.51

23.78

73.41

December 14

66.76

31.25

21.36

74.92

January 15

38.80

30.84

20.24

70.59

February 15

3.60

31.19

20.57

59.38

March 15

0.0

35.13

23.02

62.65

April 15

141.5

35.18

24.55.

68.48

May 15

81.06

38.88

25.62

62.80

June 15

33.68

32.30

25.21

60.88

July 15

29.16

33.66

25.18

58.62

August 15

107.64

34.20

24.82

62.38

September 15

145.68

33.60

24.21

68.70

October 15

153.06

30.60

23.82

75.82

November 15

286.32

30.12

23.28

76.12

December 15

88.84

30.80

22.12

74.50

January 16

0.00

31.62

23.18

70.50

February 16

0.00

32.82

23.88

60.18

March 16

0.00

34.18

24.12

61.18

April 16

0.40
39.71
27.50
52.35

May 16

149.2
36.75
26.50
58.43

June 16

32.40
37.00
31.16
56.50

July 16

31.40
36.35
26.14
50.05

August 16

22.00
36.40
25.84
56.00

September 16

73.20
36.50
25.80
52.87

October 16

56.00
35.00
25.00
68.75

November 16

23.00
37.71
23.00
58.85

December 16

39.30
31.14
22.00
66.35

January 17

23.00
31.14
21.36
67.07

February 17

0.00
33.37
20.25
55.37

March 17

54.60
35.25
24.70
61.58
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